About Us

We must explain to you how all seds this mistakens idea off denouncing pleasures and praising pain was born and I will give you a completed accounts of the system and expound.

Contact Info

123/A, Miranda City Likaoli Prikano, Dope United States

+0989 7876 9865 9


Asean Preferential Trading Agreement 1977

The ASEAN Preferential Trading Agreement of 1977: An Overview

The ASEAN Preferential Trading Agreement (PTA) is one of the most significant trade agreements in Southeast Asia. Signed in 1977, the agreement aimed to promote intra-regional trade and to strengthen economic cooperation among the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

The PTA established a preferential tariff scheme among the ASEAN member states, which aimed to make ASEAN products more competitive in the regional market. Under the PTA, member states agreed to reduce or eliminate tariffs on a list of products exported among them. This resulted in lower prices for these products, promoting trade and cross-border investment within the region.

The ASEAN PTA was signed by the founding members of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. A year after its implementation, Brunei also joined the agreement. The PTA was instrumental in paving the way for the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA).

The AFTA was a more comprehensive agreement, which aimed to create a single market and production base among the ASEAN countries. It also included a goal of reducing non-tariff barriers to trade, such as technical standards and regulations.

The ASEAN PTA, and subsequently the AFTA, provided significant benefits to member states. It increased trade within the region and improved the competitiveness of ASEAN products in the global market. It also strengthened economic ties among ASEAN countries and promoted greater regional economic stability.

Despite its successes, the ASEAN PTA has faced some challenges. One such challenge has been the emergence of non-ASEAN regional trade agreements, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). These agreements have the potential to divert trade and investment flows away from ASEAN.

Additionally, while the ASEAN PTA reduced tariffs on a list of products, it did not cover all goods traded among member states. This has resulted in some sectors being left out of the preferential tariff scheme, making trade in these sectors less competitive.

In conclusion, the ASEAN Preferential Trading Agreement of 1977 has played a significant role in promoting intra-regional trade and strengthening economic cooperation among ASEAN member states. Its success paved the way for the ASEAN Free Trade Area, which has further increased regional integration and economic growth. While facing some challenges, the ASEAN PTA has provided substantial benefits to member states, making it a vital piece of Southeast Asian economic history.